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World BioEnergy News
China BioEnergy News
GreenPeace China Studies BioEnergy Issues
From GreenPeace China: Bioenergy (aka biomass energy) is using organic
matter (plants, etc.) as fuel via technologies such as gas collection,
gasification (converting solid material to gas), combustion and
digestion (for wet wastes). If implemented properly biomass can be a
valuable source of renewable energy, but much depends on how the
biomass fuel is produced.
China Puts High Priority on Bioenergy Development
China's remaining exploitable reserves of petroleum and natural gas are
merely 7.7 percent and 7.1 percent of world averages, while those of
coal are 58.6 percent of the world average. At the current rate of
extraction, China's proven reserves of these resources could last 15,
30, and 80 years, respectively, compared with world averages of 45, 61,
and 230 years.
China Invests Heavily in Africa
"China’s trade with Africa has jumped to top $50 bn this
year, compared with just $11 bn in 2000, when Beijing and the African nations
first announced their partnership. It’s expected to top $100 bn by 2010.
Inner Mongolia Hybrid Solar Wind Pilot Project
"The Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region's (IMAR) government has been aggressive in developing renewable energy resources for both grid-connected and off-grid applications. Over the past 10 years, more than 120,000 households have been electrified with small wind generators in the range of 100 to 300 W.
Gansu Province Goes Solar
cooperation for rural electrification activities in China focused on the development of
solar home system applications for western China. Generally, solar home systems in China
for individual households start at 5
Watts and can be 150 W or larger. A typical solar home system in northwestern China
consists of a 20-Wp crystalline silicon PV module,
a charge controller, a 38-AH sealed lead-acid battery, two 8-W compact fluorescent lamps,
and necessary wiring.
Impact of Global Warming on China's Economy
BEIJING - "Meteorological disasters take about 3 to 6 percent off China's GDP
every year," Qin Dahe, director of the China Meteorological
Administration, told reporters at a conference in Beijing in November, 2006.
"We have to consider the effects of global warming on the natural and
economic systems."Droughts, floods and other weather disasters stunt China's
economy by up to 6 percent every year, the country's chief
meteorologist said, warning of the potential costs of
global warming for the Asian boom economy. "
Consumption v Conservation in China Energy Policies
"Consumption now exceeds production of most natural resources in China. Conservation concession is an innovative approach to public-private
partnerships in conservation and involves a contractual partnership
between the national government and non-governmental sector (such as an
institution, a private business, or a community) whereby the
non-governmental entity manages State-owned land for purposes of
ecosystem and biodiversity conservation. This emerging approach is
being increasingly adopted in Central America, South America, New
Zealand and Indonesia.
Sustainable Energy in Rural China
"The development of the model for sustainable rural development involves
identifying local sources of private capital while helping residents of
rural areas come together to design, develop and operate their own
business ventures. This rural financial capacity includes building,
identification of project portfolios, and outreach to local and
international financing institutions to support rural Chinese business
ventures. The Rural Finance Program has expanded activities to
begin pilot projects in China’s southwest Guangxi Autonomous Region and
Yunnan Province, both of which are poor mountainous areas with great
importance in biodiversity conservation. Demonstration projects have
been launched in Changshui Village and Shitou Township in Yunnan
Province and Rongshui Township in Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region.
Biomass Energy in China
"Biomass is a significant source of energy in China today, particularly in rural areas. However, most current use of firewood and agricultural residues for cooking and heating brings with it detrimental effects of indoor air pollution and associated adverse health impacts. In addition, the time spent collecting biomass fuels creates a burden on women and children, which reduces their time available for more productive activities.
Chinese Government Announces Bioenergy Subsidies
"China will grant subsidies to bioenergy-producing companies when the
international crude oil prices fall below the oil alternative's
production cost and last for a long period. The move is part of a package of measures released recently to
boost the development of the bioenergy sector and reduce the country's
dependency on oil. Bioenergy refers to ethanol, biochemical diesel and other
products, which are made from plants and could be used as the driving
power of engines. According to the document from the Finance Ministry, promising
a subsidy to the production company when international oil prices fall
could ensure its sound development and attract more investment in the
Rapid Growth Threatens Region
"New sources of energy are needed as world oil supplies begin to
decline. About 35 percent of the world's energy comes from oil. In
2004, consumption of oil jumped 3.4 percent to 82.4 million barrels per
day. This represents the fastest rate of increase in 16 years, driven
primarily by China's growing energy needs, according to the
Washington-based research and advocacy group Worldwatch Institute.
petroleum experts believe that global oil production will peak in the
next few years and begin a permanent decline.
Bioenergy Strategic Choice for China
"The large-scale extension of bioenergy is a strategic
choice for China. As the economy keeps booming, China is now increasingly
thirsty for energy, especially some fossil fuels, like gasoline and diesel. Since 1993, China has become a net importer of
oil. In 2005, 136 million tons of oil
flowed into China, accounting for 6 percent of the world's total. China is now
after the United States to be the second biggest oil consumer of the world –
317 million tons of oil was used in the same year. China produced 181 million
tons of oil in 2005. However, it cannot fill the huge gap between domestic
supply and demand. At the beginning of the 21st century, China launched its
extension of gasohol, setting some cities in Heilongjiang and Henan as pilots.
Since 2005, gasohol has been widely extended in five provinces, including
Jilin, Liaoning, Henan, Anhui and Heilongjiang, and some other areas in Hebei,
Jiangsu and so on. "Why don't the
police punish drunken driving? because the drinker is not the driver, but the
car." It is a popular brainteaser nowadays in Heilongjiang, Anhui, Henan
and some other provinces of China. In
fact, what the cars "drink" is gasohol.